1) Charles Darwin studied to become a doctor. is identified with the concept of natural selection. lived in New England.. followed his avocation as a sailor. 2) The word evolution as used in biology literally means genetic change. natural selection. divergence. genetic drift. 3) Microevolution is the result of all of the following EXCEPT chance variation. mutation. large scale patterns or trends. change in gene frequency. 4) Natural selection operates to produce changes in phyla. populations.